Can Employers Require Workers To Take An Oral Drug Test?

A Pre-employment drug screening is a standard requirement for job applicants. Though it depends on what state, it isequally possible for a company to test employees for drugs and even alcohol right at the workplace. Employers can use many methods but what is common is an oral drug test.There are states that require drug screening and test for those who seek employment in the industry which are regulated by the Department of Transportation, both of which are under federal and state law.

What are Oral Drug and Alcohol Tests?
An oral drug test is a methodwhere samples of fluids from the mouth are extracted through the use of swabs. This test detects drugs from the saliva which makes the other name for this test as saliva test.Detection of recent usage of drugs is from a few hours to a two day period.  There are many employers who use these tests sinceit is very simple, noninvasive and cost effective.

Why should there be a drug screening?
Companies initiate drug test for current and potential employees for the reason that drug and alcohol usage have harmful effect in the performance of a job. It can,in an event even put the lives of otherindividuals at risk. These are in jobs requiring the use of heavy equipment and machineries, for instance, which are particularly a threat when an employee is under the influence of alcohol and drugs.Also, employeeswho are under drug use can have judgment as well as concentration deficiencies. This can put the employers for a possible lawsuit in cases of accidents.

What are the drugs that are tested for?
There are 2 types of panel test being conducted, the 5-pane test are composed of

  • Marijuana (THC)
  • Amphetamines
  • PCP
  • Methamphetamines
  • Codeine, morphine, heroin and opiates

While the 10-panel tests are made to detects:

  • Methamphetamines
  • Marihuana
  • Opiates
  • Amphetamines
  • Cocaine
  • PCP
  • Methadone
  • Barbiturates
  • Propoxyphene
  • Benzodiazepine